James Whitfield was a police officer in London for 30 years, and retired at the rank of Inspector in 1999. He commenced full-time studies at Royal Holloway College the same year, and obtained an MA in 2000 in Contemporary British history. In 2003 he obtained a PhD (Univ. London) for his research into the often difficult relationship between the Metropolitan Police and West Indian immigrants. His PhD thesis was subsequently published as Unhappy Dialogue: The Metropolitan Police and black Londoners in post-war Britain. He has written various articles for the BBC History Magazine, History Today, and History & Policy. He here discusses police relations with Caribbean immigrant communities in London in the second half of the twentieth century.
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